English Silver Marks
DUTY MARKS In the duty mark was created to indicate a tax on the item had been paid to the crown. The mark used was a profile portrait of the reigning monarch's head. The use of frauen single de arnsberg mark was abolished in DATE LETTERS The date letter system was introduced in London in elsewhere as the hallmarking system evolved.
Its purpose was to establish when a piece markss presented matks assay or testing of the silver content. The mark letter changed annually in May, the cycles of date letters were usually in strings of 20 and each cycle was differentiated by a changing of the font, letter case and shield shape. MAKER'S MARK The enforced use of the maker's mark was instituted in London in Originally, makers' marks were pictograms, but by the beginning of the 17th Century it had become common practice to use the maker's initials.
IMPORT MARKS The required use of import marks to be stamped on foreign made silver was instituted in A letter "F" in an oval cartouche was stamped alongside the regular hallmarks, the maker's single sucht frau gilda laske being that of the British importing firm sponsor's english silver date marks birmingham.
Beginning brimingham and new system was instituted in which each assay office stamped its own symbol as the import mark, this english silver date marks birmingham mars town mark. The blrmingham passant mark was replaced by a numerical standard mark. Unchanged were the required date letter and sponsor's mark. Items bearing British Import marks will sometimes have additional marks from the country of origin, sometimes not.
BIRMINGHAM DATE LETTERS CHART / SILVER HALLMARKS UK
Hallmarking at Assay Office Birmingham
English silver makers marks The initials or other mark that is recorded with the Assay office to identify who made a piece. Here is a complete set of English silver hallmarks. English silver hallmarks dates or date mark Letter of the alphabet corresponding to a particular year. BM Birmingham Makers' Marks. Sovereign head 'duty mark' , certifying the payment of the duty This page was useful? Town mark, corresponding to the mark of the Assay Office that has verified the piece Lion passant guardant or Britannia or lion's head erased, certifiying the silver quality Maker's mark, identifying the silversmith presenting the piece to the assay office usually the initials of Christian name and surname of the silversmith Date letter, in cycles of twenty letters of the alphabet of different shape identifies the year in which the piece was verified by the Assay Office A further mark was used in the period - English Silver Hallmarks How the system works An overview of how to read English Silver Hallmarks. To differentiate cycles different fonts, uppercase and lowercase letters and various cartouches are used. Top Rated Plus Sellers with highest buyer ratings Returns, money back. Sovereign head 'duty mark' , certifying the payment of the duty BRITISH TOWN MARKS AND DATE LETTERS.
Birmingham Date Letters
Date letter search facility for Birmingham Hallmarks. Search by letter or by year. A simple tool!. Birmingham Date Letters on Antique Sterling - Online Encyclopedia of Silver Marks, Hallmarks & Makers ' Marks. British & Irish hallmarks with date letters, indexed by Assay Office. first identify the assay office (e.g. anchor for Birmingham, leopard's head for London, etc.). NOTE: In (in the occasion of doubling of the duty to be paid on silver), the duty mark was impressed twice. The hall- marks cycle beginning in (it.